Spectacular and long beaches, wild nature, unique animals and aboriginal culture
Do you dare to live the Australian adventure?
Australiais a fascinating country, thedream tripof those travelers who want to live experiences such as diving in the world's largestbarrier reef, enteringancient forests,learning about theoldest livingculturein the world, enjoyingparadisiacal beaches,surfing classy waves. worldand delight in theunique animalsthat inhabit this great island of Oceania.
As we already made clear on the home page,Sun Tours and Fun is above all a Travel Blog for Australia and in this section we have summarized all the information we have collected in these almost 6 years living in Australia and traveling the country, creating thus a complete GUIDE TO TRAVEL TO AUSTRALIA.
You can go by clicking on the links that we leave on the page to expand the information that interests you the most and if you have more questions we also recommend that you become a member ofthe Facebook Group:Travel Australia, New Zealand and the Pacific Islandsthat we have created to help us among travelers to plan our trips through Oceania.
AUSTRALIA GUIDE INDEX
You canclick on the link and go directly to the information about Australia that interests you the most:
We want to start this travel guide showing you the mapa of Australiaso you can easily locate where the places you want to visit and can organize yourway around Australiaaremore easily.
Australia is made up of eight territories:
Australian Capital Territory(ACT) - Australian Capital Territory
New South Wales (NSW) - New South Wales
Northern Territories (NT) - Northern Territory
South Australia (SA) - South Australia
Western Australia (WA) - Western Australia
On the interactive map that we leave you, you can locate each of the Australian territories .
If you click on any of the Australian states, it will take you directly to the articles we have written about that specific state.
Locate Your Trip
Access the articles through this interactive map
Most important cities in Australia
The most important and most populated cities in Australia are Sydney and Melbourne . However the capital of Australia is Canberra.
If you are an urbanite and you like visiting museums, going to restaurants, bars, cinemas, theaters and walking through parks on your travels, these are the main cities in Australia.
To take into account : We have not selected these cities only because of their economic importance or their size, but also because of their tourist importance and because they can serve as a base to get to know some beautiful area of Australia.
You can click on the names of the cities to see the articles we have written about each one of them. Some we have pending (We have visited the city, but we have not had time to write an article), but as we always tell you, do not hesitate to leave us a comment or ask us on social networks ( Facebook , Twitter or Instagram ), if we can give you a hand or give you some advice we will be delighted.
Australia is a huge country and we have to carefully choosewhich destinations in Australia we want to visit during our trip.
Although some of the main cities of the country are essential in any trip through Australia, it is important that you bear in mind that Down Under (term by which Australia is known) is above all acountry of landscapes and nature.
In Australia there are many other national parks that are spectacular, if you have the opportunity to spend some time in Australia we recommend that you spend some getaways to know the nature of the country and discover the impressive landscapes of Australia because they have no waste whatsoever.
Beaches of Australia
Are you interested in knowinghow many beaches Australia has? The answer is more than 1,000 beaches, some of which have been classified as the most beautiful in the world.
To rent the car and do any of these routes through Australia we reserve it with Airport Rentals . It is the comparator of rental car companies that we always use and with which we find very good offers, that is why it is the one we recommend.
If you want to make the trip by van or motorhome, we recommend that you look at Motorhome Republic . You will be able to compare between many motorhome rental companies and find the one that best convinces you to tour Australia.
West Coast of Australia
The west coast of Australia is much wilder , less populated and has a bit more complicated logistics to organize a trip, which makes it much more interesting.
Themost popularcoastal tripsin Western Australia are:
FromPerth to EsperanceviaMargaret River
Exmouth, Ningaloo Reef and Shark Bay
Broome, Cable Beach and Karijini National Park
This is our selection ofplaces to go in Australia, we have listed some of thetourist areas of Australiaand otherlesser known but also spectacularplaces to visit in Australia.
In our article The 19 most outstanding places in Australia we make you a more rigorous selection of the most spectacular places to visit in Australia , to help you decide where to travel in Australia and what to know about Australia.
What to do in Australia
In Australia it is very difficult to get bored. Although the offer of restaurants and nightlife venues is not as wide or good as in Europe, in Australia there are a million things you can do to enjoy its beaches and taste the Australian way of life that is so much talked about.
Surfing is one of the most popular sports in Australia and surely the most practiced. We live in Houston Beach, a surfing beach and from dawn you can find dozens of Australians catching waves before going to work.
If you want to learn to surf there are surf schools in almost all the most popular beaches in Australia such as in Bondi, Houston or Manly in Sydney, in the Gold Coast or in Byron Bay .
If you are going to spend a season in Australia you can also sign up for a Surfcamp. They are weekend excursions in which they teach you to surf with a group of travelers. You spend practically the whole day in the water and they say that almost everyone who goes gets to stand up on the board.
If you already know how to surf in the articleWhere to Surf in Australiawe will tell you which are the most famous waves in Australia and where to find them.
They say that barbecue is the national sport of Australia, and it is not a joke. Almost all Australians have a barbecue on their terraces or patios and you can find free barbecues on many beaches and parks in Australia.
Having a barbecue with friends is one of the activities that we recommend doing the most in Australia, and the best thing is that it is free.
Another of the best things you can do in Australia issee Australian animals in their natural habitat.
Why go to a zoo and see caged animals when you can go to a beach and see kangaroos jumping in the sand.
If you travel to Australia take the opportunity to try to see kangaroos, wallabies, koalas, wombats, platypus and other Australian animals , the experience will be unforgettable.
Sharks and other dangerous animals that we have in Australia if you do not find them, nothing happens either.
Hiking, camping and nature
Australia is the perfect place for nature lovers . Australians love to do outdoor activities and that shows a lot in the facilities that you can find in all the national parks and how well cared for they are.
Some national parks and areas of Australia where we have been to hike and have loved it are:
If you are a golfer you will adapt very well to Australia. More than 450,000 Australians belong to a golf club, so as you can imagine it is a very popular sport.
The Australian Open is Australia's oldest and most popular golf tournament, held every year in November and organized by Golf Australia.
If you are interested in knowing more about golf in Australia you can take a look at theGolf Australiawebsite.
Tennis: Australian Open
If you are a tennis fan and you are in Australia in January, you cannot miss the Australian Open held in Melbourne.
When to travel to Australia
What is thebest time of year to travel to Australiais without a doubt the question most asked by those planning a trip to Australia . And we always answer the same thing:It depends on where you are going to travel in Australia.
As we already told you at the beginning of this guide,Australia is a huge countryand therefore there is a diversity of climates that causethe best date to travel to Australia tovary greatly depending on the places you want to visit.
Climate in Australia
You will be surprised to know that in Australia you can find equatorial, tropical, subtropical, arid, semi-arid and temperate or Mediterranean climates.
In this map you can see what climates are in each area of Australia .
And what does this translate into? Well,it is always a good time to travel to Australia, it all depends on which places you want to visit.
For example, if you want totravel to Australia at Christmas, itis an ideal date to visit Sydney and see the New Year's fireworks in Sydney Harbor and Darling Harbor. It is also a very good time to visit the red center of Australia (Uluru, the Olgas Mountains and Kings Canyon) and to see Melbourne and the Great Ocean Road.
You already know thatsummer in Australia is from December to Februaryand traveling on this date has the plus that you can enjoy the beaches of Sydney and the east coast of New South Wales. It is also the best time to visit Kangaroo Island, which is wonderful.
However, if you want to know the tropical areas of Australia where Kakadu National Park or The Kimberleys is located, you will find the rainy season, which will make your trip a little more uncomfortable.
If you want to enjoy the landscapes of the tropical north of Australia and take a dip in the pools of the Liechtenstein National Park, it will be much better for you to decide totravel to Australia in July or August.
Anyway, nowhere in Australia is the climate extreme, so all areas of the country can be visited at any time of the year. As always happens on travel, you have to be willing to adapt to whatever arises.
Thesafest options to be able to visit everything are to travel to Australia in November or April,but still no one assures you that the weather will accompany you.
In this infographic that we have prepared we show you which is the best time to travel to each area of Australia:
TheBorder Security: Australia's Front Line programhas done a lot of damage to Australian tourism and many people now think that entering Australia is practically mission impossible, but it is not.
If you want to go to Australia on vacation, you only need yourpassport, avisa to travel to Australia as a touristand fill out theentry cardfor passengers that will be given to you on the same plane with which you land in Australia.
If you want more information aboutdocumentation to travel to Australiain the articleTourist Visa to travel to Australiawe explain the visa you need to travel to Australia depending on your nationality.
We already anticipate that if you are European and you are going to travel to Australia for less than three months, the visa that interests you the most is theeVisitor (subclass 651).
I want to travel to Australia: What do I need?
In addition to the essential documents (Passport and tourist visa) that we mentioned in the previous section, we recommend you to travel to Australia:
Trips where you travel do not forget yourInsurance. And this is something that we cannot recommend more in the case of Australia.
Australia is an expensive country,so imagine what the joke can cost you if you have an accident and have to be seen by a doctor.
Don't gamble with insurance, Australia is a super fun country to do water sports, enjoy nature walks and take great routes by car. But all these activities have their risks, so don't forget about your travel insurance.
Although it is not mandatory to have purchased the flight out of Australia before entering the country, it is recommended.
Immigration laws in Australia have become quite tightened in recent years and immigration agents suspect that young people traveling to Australia for long periods of time may have intentions to stay in the country illegally when their visa expires or to work without rights in Australia.
If you want to avoid suspicions and questions at the Australian border, it is better to also have a flight purchased to leave the country, so you can show that you are only going on vacation to Australia.
Traveling to Australia with a pet
If you are planning to travel to Australia with a dog, cat or any other pet, get ready because you will have to follow a tedious procedure.
Australia takes the conservation of native fauna and flora very seriously and to avoid any type of biological risk theDepartment of Agriculture and Water Resourceshas created a complete guide with the import conditions required to bring your dog or cat to Australia.
Although our blog is dedicated to travel and specialized in Australia, we cannot deny that we ourselves came to Australia almost five years ago tostudy English and work,so many of you ask us aboutour experience in Australia.
If, like we did, you are thinking oftraveling to Australia to study English or traveling to Australia to work,then you will have to plan your trip more carefully and make sure that you meet the requirements to apply for any of the visas that allow you to study and / or work in Australia.
If you want totravel to Australia to study English or take a coursethen you will have to apply for a student visa. There is no one better to advise you on studying in Australia thanDiana Yañez from LEARNSYD.
Diana is a great friend of ours and I would not recommend her if she did not strike us as the best student agent in Australia. We know that moving to live in Australia is a very important decision and that choosing one agent or another can greatly affect your experience in Australia.
Diana will be in charge of advising you to apply for your student visa in Australia, she will help you choose the study center that best suits your needs and best of all, she will accompany and advise you throughout your experience in Australia . We have seen her deal with her students and she is a sweetheart, she cares a lot about them.
If you want to speak with Diana to find out about your options to study in Australia, you can contact her through this link:LEARNSYD.How are you doing on our part will give you a $ 50 discount on your course tuition. You will not regret contacting Diana,she is the best.
Although I do not know if the title for this section is adequate or not because flying to Australia is not very cheap, it is true that there are some tricks to findflight deals to Australia.
If you want to know how we do it to findcheap flights to Australia,take a look at our articleTravel to Australia cheapwhere we tell you step by step how to findlow costflightsto Australia.
Sometipsthat we give you to find the cheapest plane tickets to Australia are:
Avoid the high season in Australia, that is, traveling to Australia during the months of December to February.
Be proactive:Buy the plane ticket to Australia five months in advance of your trip and you will find the best offers.
Be flexiblewith your flight hours: If you are willing to make more stops and take a longer trip, you will find cheaper flights.
To buy our plane tickets to Australia we always use theSKYSCANNERsearch enginebecause no matter how much we compare there we always find the best deals.
How much is it worth to travel to Australia
Theprice of a trip to Australiacan vary considerably and will depend on how flexible we can be with the dates of our trip, how we decide to move around Australia and the type of accommodation we choose during the stay.
If you expect us to tell youhow to travel to Australia for free or with little money, we are very sorry but we do not know either. Australia is an expensive country, but it is worth scratching your pocket a bit and encouraging yourself to come to Australia, because it has so much to offer.
What we can do is help you get an idea ofhow much a trip to Australia costs. In this infographic you can see thebudget to travel through Australiathat we handled in February 2017 when we spent 21 days touring Australia with some friends.
If you want to know more details abouthow much a trip to Australia is worthandhow to travel to Australia cheaperyou can find more information in these articles:
How much does it cost to travel to Australia:In this post we talk about theprices in Australia, we tell youwhen it is cheaper to travel to Australia, how to travel cheaply in Australiaand we show you areal travel budget for Australia.
Organizing anitinerary to visit Australiais not easy and will depend on the time you have to travel around Australia , your budget and which places in Australia you are interested in knowing.
In the blog we have written several articles with routes to discover Australia by road and moving by plane. Depending on the time you are going to spend in Australia, these are some itineraries that you could copy and customize for your trip:
Australia trip 3 months
If you are so lucky to be able to spend three months touring Australia then do not hesitate, get a motorhome and hit the road.
As you are going to spend a few months in Australia, a good option for you is to buy the vehicle in which you want to move and then sell it at the end of your trip.
If you decide to buy a van or a motorhome you can compare prices on these web pages:
If you are planning atrip to Australia in a monthyou have several options:
If you want to travel to Australia in November - March and your dream is to do a great road tripdown Under,you can rent or buy a motorhome and travel theeast coast of Australia from Melbourne to Cairns.
If you prefer to know thehighlightsof Australiathen you have no time to lose and the best thing is that you move by plane and rent a car in each of the areas you want to visit to move at your own pace.
To organize your 1-month route through Australia we recommend that you calculate at least these days to visit these regions:
2 Days at least because you will have to get on a boat to tour the islands and snorkel or go on a plane excursion and see the coral reef from the sky.
Some examples of one-month routes through Australia could be:
If you travel to Australia in spring - summer
(From the end of October to the end of March)
If you travel to Australia in autumn - winter
(From the end of April to October)
Australia in 3 weeks
If you are going to make atrip to Australia for 20 days,we recommend that you choose four of the areas that we have discussed in the previous section.
If you are going to travel from May to October, wepropose an itinerary to visit five of the most beautiful areas ofAustralia in 20 days: theGreat Ocean Road,Kakadu National Park,Whitsunday Islands,Fraser IslandandSydney. Follow this link to read the full route: Three-week trip through Australia (May - October).
What to see in Australia in 15 days
If you don't have more than15 days to get to know Australia,you have to make the most of your time.
The best advice we can give you to make your flights in Australia cheaper is to avoid flying on Fridays and Sundays. The days when you can find cheap domestic flights in Australia are usually Tuesdays and Wednesdays. If you want to know how to get the most out of the Skyscanner comparator, visit our tutorial and you will learn how to find the cheapest flights.
Travel Australia by motorhome
Taking a trip to Australia by caravan is a great option, especially if you are going to spend more than a month in Australia.
You will be able to save on accommodation and food and you will also have the opportunity to get to know Australia at your own pace, spending the night every day where you most want.
If you want to tour Australia by motorhome you can find more information in our articlesThe 9 Best Routes to Tour Australia in MotorhomeandMotorhomeRental in Australia.
Traveling by bus
If you don't like driving and you have time to explore Australia quietly, you can also do it by bus.
Greyhoundis Australia's national bus service and offers daily tickets with unlimited travel. For example: 7 days for $ 249 or 45 days for $ 449.
It can be a bit heavy because the distances in Australia are very long but it is a low cost way to travel Australia.
Rent a car in Australia
Moving by car through Australia is a great option, especially if you combine it with flights.
We normally organize our trips like this: We take a flight to a specific area of Australia and rent a car with which we move around that region.
If you are going to rent a car in Australia remember to bring your international driving license and if you are wonderingwhere they drive in Australiathe answer ison the left!Don't worry about that, you sure adapt quickly.
If you want to rent a car you can use theAirport Rental Carscomparatorthat will help you find the best prices.
Travel by train
You can travel by train throughout most of Australia , but it is not a cheap or fast option, so unless you are a fan of trains, we do not recommend this option.
Public Transport in Australia
In the main cities of Australia public transport works acceptably , so to move around Sydney or Melbourne for example we recommend that you park your car and use public transport.
Types of accommodation in Australia
Australia Hotels and Motels
In Australia you can find very good hotels , especially in the big cities and in the most touristy areas.
If you are going to stay in a hotel, we recommend that you book throughBooking.combecause it allows you to compare prices, choose the one that best suits your needs and book it without additional costs. In addition, most of them have free cancellation which will allow you to book several and decide at the last minute which one you prefer.
This is the preferred option for backpackers and those on a budget for the tightest trip.
We really likeYHA Australiahostelsbecause they tend to have a very good quality / price ratio .
House / Apartment Rental
This is one of our favorite options, especially when we travel with friends .
Renting a house can greatly lower travel costs because it allows group members to share expenses and make meals at home. Also if you have gotten together a group of friends to tour Australia it is a super fun option.
If you like nature a lot, camping is your best option , especially if you travel through Australia in summer.
We brought our tent and sometimes we go camping because Australia's national parks are beautiful and worth making the most of them.
Gastronomy is not the strong suit of Australia, having said that some of the typical Australian meals and foods that Australians consume frequently are:
Fish and Chips
These are, in our opinion, themost typical Australian foods and meals.
We do not know why but many ask uswhat they have for breakfast in Australia:During the daily days children usually have toast with butter and vegetables and a glass of milk and adults drink a lot of coffee (which in Australia they make it delicious) and a piece sweet likebanana bread,which is also a very popular dessert in Australia.
On weekends, Australians go out to the terraces of the cafes to enjoy their typicalbrunchthat is delicious and although I don't know if we could treat it as part ofAustralian cuisine, for us it is the best food in Australia. Brunch in Australia is delicious and super varied: Sourdough toast with avocado, salmon and poached eggs, scrambled eggs and bacon, pancakes with honey…?
Although a good brunch costs around $ 20, it is worth going to a good cafeteria and enjoying an Australian brunch in the sun on a terrace.
Once you set out and dare to cross half the world to visit Australia, why not take advantage and combine your trip to Australia with another destination ?
If you travel to Australia from Europe, a wise option is to stop along the way and spend a few days touring a country in Asia. For example you can spend a few days inIndonesiathat the tickets from Bali to Australia are quite cheap.Thailandit is also a fantastic option.
There are also many that combineAustralia and the Maldives Islands,so you can take the opportunity to relax a few days after your trip to Australia before returning to the routine.
Australia and New Zealand
Traveling to Australia and New Zealandis a classic and if you have a lot of time for your trip it is a great option. Both countries are quite remote from the rest of the world so it makes sense to combine the trip.
Sometimes we have been asked if itis better to travel to Australia or New Zealandand the truth is that they cannot be compared because they are very different countries: Australia is more exotic, with different landscapes caused by its variety of climates and New Zealand has spectacular landscapes , for many the most beautiful in the world.
Australia and the Pacific Islands
Vanuatu, Fiji, New Caledonia, Tonga, the Cook Islands...
The islands of the South Seas are paradisiacal, but they are also very isolated, so it is a good idea to take advantage of your trip to Australia to discover some of them.
Can you imagine taking atrip to Australia and French PolynesiaorAustralia and Fiji? Just thinking about it makes our hair stand on end.
Honeymoon trips to Australia
Are you also one of those who are about to get married and want to makeyour honeymoon to Australia?
Well, we believe that it is a great option because in Australia you have everything: beautiful cities like Sydney or Melbourne, paradisiacal beaches, exotic places, wild nature.
If you want to make yourhoneymoon the trip of a lifetime come to Australiabecause it will surely be unforgettable.
If you have also managed to gather several vacation days for your honeymoon, you can also combine your trip to Australia. Here are someideas to combine your honeymoon to Australia:
For the most exotic
Honeymoon Australia and Bali
For those who want to relax
Honeymoon Australia and French Polynesia
For the more adventurous
Honeymoon Australia and New Zealand
Doubts that arise when planning a trip to Australia
If you are going totravel alone in Australia,you will be interested to know that there are many young people traveling alone and that there are manytravel agencies in Australiathat organize trips and excursions to the most popular places.
Even if you travel alone most of the trip, you can always sign up for one of these excursions and spend a few days meeting new people.
Traveling to Australia without knowing English
Traveling through Australia without knowing Englishmay seem complicated, but it is not so difficult. If you defend yourself a little with English you will not have any problem.
In Australia there are people from all over the world, here almost everyone speaks with an accent and will try to understand you and understand them. Also lately we hear a lot of Spanish in Australia and we will always have Google Translator.
About Australia, Australians, their culture, their language and other curiosities
If you are one of those who, beforetravelingto a new country, are interested in knowing a little about the place you are going to visit, keep reading this section because here we are going to give you a very complete technical sheet of Australia, you will not miss to know any detail of this great island.
This point is suitable only for very curious travelers.
Where is Australia located?
We are going to putAustralia on the map, for some little mischief. Australia is located in the southern hemisphere of the Earth,belongs to the continent of Oceaniaand is surrounded by the Indian, Pacific and Antarctic Oceans.
Australia is one of the most distant destinationsfor any Spanish-speaking traveler, regardless of where you live (unless, like us, you have moved to live in Australia)
As we say here,Australia is far from everythingand that is precisely what makes this country so special and unique: Australia has managed to conserve a unique fauna and flora.
One of the most surprising things about Australia is its size. Australia is thesixth largest country in the worldand occupies an area of7.692 million km². Australia is also the largest island country in the world.
The truth is thatAustralia is hugeand this is something to keep in mind if we want to travel to Australia. In fact, if we took Russia out of Europe, all of Australia would fit in Europe.
If you are organizing a trip to Australia it is very important to take into account the distances. For example,Melbourne is located almost 3,000 km from the Great Barrier Reef of Australia.
The size of Australia also influences thevariety of climatesthat can be found throughout the entire country.
How many inhabitants does Australia have?
Australia's population is about 21 million and 45 million kangaroos?
That is why, among other things, the Australian government encourages the population to consume more kangaroo meat. The number of kangaroos in Australia is twice that of humans.
The majority of Australia's population is concentrated in its coastal cities especially in Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane and Perth and also in the capital, Canberra.
Time in Australia
We've already told you how big the country is, so as you can imagine Australia has more than one time zone. Specifically, it has three:the western (UTC + 8), the central (UTC + 9.5) and the eastern (UTC + 10).
Here we leave you a map with the time zones of Australia so that you can do your calculations when you need to get in touch with someone in Australia or from Australia.
What language do they speak in Australia?
English is spokeninAustralia. That is why it has become so fashionable as a destination for those who want to learn or improve their English.
Australian English has a very unique accent and a singular vocabulary. If you decide totravel to Australia to study English,you will realize that Australians are not only more relaxed than English in their lifestyle, but this character is also reflected in their way of speaking. Australians are always trying to shorten words.
It is also important to know that in Australia not only English is spoken. Australia is a country forged by immigrants and around30% of the population in Australia speak another language at home: Chinese, Japanese, Arabic or Spanish among others.
Before the first Europeans arrived in Australia, the first settlers of Australia,the Aboriginal people spoke different languages, it is believed that about 250 of which still survive today 20. The most widely spoken Australian Aboriginal language is Krioland contains some English words, many of them spelled just as they are pronounced.
Currency in Australia
The official currency of Australia is the Australian Dollar.
If you are wondering how many Australian dollars in a US dollar?You can watch it on this web page:XE Currency Converter.
The flag of Australia
The national flag of Australia
On a blue background, the United Kingdom flag is drawn in the upper left corner. Below this is a 7-pointed white star representing the original six states of Australia, and the future states and territories of the country. On the right, 5 five stars are drawn, 4 of them the same size and the other one smaller, representing the constellation of the Southern Cross.
The Australian Aboriginal Flag
This flag represents the Australian aborigines. The black part of the flag symbolizes the indigenous people, the red ocher color symbolizes the land, which also has a special meaning in the sacred ceremonies of the aborigines and the yellow circle represents the sun.
The island that we know today as Australia has been populated for more than 65,000 years. The first settlers of Australia are the indigenous people we know today as Australian Aborigines and the exact moment they arrived in Australia is still under discussion among historians.
If you are interested in learning more about the aboriginal culture in Australia, you can hire a tour in Uluru, Darwin or Blue Mountains where they explain how they live and what their traditional beliefs and customs are.
Although Australia was apparently sighted by Portuguese and Spanish sailors as early as the 16th century, it was in the early 17th century that the Dutch discovered what we Westerners call thenewest world.
The Dutch described Australia as "uninhabitable lands", thus leaving the field open to the British explorers who invaded and colonized this territory.
It was in 1770 that the famous Captain James Cook first landed in Australia, at Botany Bay and shortly thereafter claimed the Australian east coast and named it New South Wales.
In Great Britain they thought that this great island isolated from the rest of the world was the ideal place to send some of their convicts and thus solve the problem of lack of prisons that they had in the country.Between 1788 and 1868 some 162,000 convicts were sent to the Australian penal colony by the British government.
It never goes without saying that the English invasion and colonization led to the massacre of a large part of the Australian aborigines and of course an irrevocable alteration of their way of living and understanding the world.
Australia has a black history marked by the atrocities that the British did to the Aboriginal community well into the 20th century.
If you are interested in the history of British colonization in Australia you have to visit The Rocks in Sydney , which is the first British settlement in Australia. You can also visit theHyde Barracks Museumin Sydney.
In 1901 the Australian Confederation was created as a domain of the British Empire.
A very important moment in the history of Australia was hisparticipation in the First WorldWar. Australian and New Zealand ANZAC troops fought for England, the mother in World War I. Many young Australians and New Zealanders volunteered for the army, proud to fight alongside the British. The result was a massacre of Australian and New Zealand troops at the famousBattle of Gallipoliin Turkey.
The battle of Gallipoli is said to have shaped the spirit of the Australians and the birth of the nation.
If you want to know more about ANZAC and the Battle of Gallipoli in Australia, there are several museums that tell us the story of how the spirit of Australia was forged, such as the Australian War Memorial in Canberra.
In 1942 the UK finally accepted the 1931 Statute of Westminster where most of the constitutional connections between Australia and the UK were abolished. The last links with the United Kingdom were eliminated in 1986 although Australia continues to be a constitutional monarchy with the crown of England at the helm.
The culture of Australia
Australian Aboriginal culture is the oldest culture in theworld, dating back more than 60,000 years ago.
The aborigines lived in tribes, each of them with their own language, customs and beliefs, although there are certain similarities between their different cultures: A special connection with nature that is sacred to them and a belief in Dreamtime (El Tiempo del Sueño ).
Music also stands out from the aboriginal culture, which was played with different musical instruments in each tribe but which was a fundamental part of their rituals and ceremonies.
And of course art. In Australia we can find evidence of Aboriginal art over 30,000 years old in cave paintings.
To see cave paintings in Australia you can go to Uluru, Kakadu National Park in Darwin orKu-ring-gai Chase National Parkin Sydney.
In addition, Australia has a Western Anglo-Saxon culture that in our opinion is not very interesting.
If you want to know more about Australia you can read our article:How is Australia likein which we give you some more details about Down Under.
And if you still have any questions about whether you should spend your next vacation in Australia or not, we recommend that you take a look at the post 9 Reasons to travel to Australia.
If you have missed any type of information, advice or recommendation that you consider necessary to plan or organize a trip to Australia, do not be shy and leave us a comment because we will be happy to expand this travel guide and make it more complete for all travelers
And if you liked this information, you know, share it on your social networks.